Roosevelt Hotel

Waco rapidly industrialized in the early decades from its founding. The arrival of the railroad and the building of the Suspension Bridge increased the numbers of travelers through the region, and the city soon became a thriving urban center. In 1871, Peter McClelland, a local civic leader, built the McClelland House Hotel at the corner of Fourth Street and Austin Avenue in order to meet the growing demand of visitors. The hotel opened in 1872, and served as an important attraction for businessman and travellers until McClelland’s death in 1886. Issues with his will arose, and in the 1920s the hotel was put up for sale in order to pay attorney fees associated with settling the estate. Conrad Hilton, who would later become known for his international hotel chain, bought the property at that time. The third Hilton Hotel in Texas opened in Waco in 1927.

Despite Hilton’s early success, the Great Depression took a toll on his finances. Forced to give up three of his eight hotels, Hilton decided to sell his Waco business to local investors. At that time, the new owners left the original style of the hotel largely intact, changing only the name. In 1934, the hotel became known as the Roosevelt Hotel, in honor of President Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal.

The Roosevelt Hotel soon became known as the “acme of hoteldom,” according to the Waco Tribune-Herald in 1936. Owned and staffed completely by Wacoans, the hotel’s friendly atmosphere and vigilant attentiveness to guests’ needs established it as a Waco institution. Many visitors expressed that the hotel’s desirability came from its unique combination of modernity and hospitality. The Tribune-Herald also noted that the hotel brought in a constant stream of transcontinental tourists and traveling men to the city, stimulating economic prosperity.

The Roosevelt Hotel stood strong through the mid-twentieth century, surviving the Great Depression and even the 1953 Waco tornado. It was one of three buildings in the deadly storm’s path to remain standing. The building’s solid architecture and steel frame ensured that it incurred little damage; even the large sign on the roof remained intact. Yet the hotel could not survive the serious blow dealt to downtown when large retailers began moving out into the suburbs. As more and more retailers left the city, business slowed for the Roosevelt. The hotel closed in 1961.  

In 1963, the Roosevelt Hotel became the Regis Retirement Home after Allan McDonnell bought the building and donated it to the Catholic Church. The retirement home added an outdoor terrace and sundeck to the former hotel and renovated several other aspects of the building. In 2003, the retirement home moved all of its residents to Providence Park and placed the historic building up for auction.

Local builder Mike Clark bought the building in 2004 and began a renovation project converting the former hotel into luxury high-rise offices. The renovations included opening the first floor to restaurants and retail and the creation of ten floors of office space. The grand ballroom on the second floor has been restored and can be rented out for parties and events. The majority of office space in the Roosevelt Tower is now occupied by businesses interested in reinvigorating downtown. The renovation of historic buildings such as the Roosevelt Tower provides a unique opportunity for the community to participate in Waco’s future by supporting its history.   

Images

Built to Impress

Built to Impress

After Conrad Hilton bought the historic property at Fourth Street and Austin Avenue, he employed Lang and Witchell architects, based out of Dallas, to design a monumental twelve-story hotel. The aesthetically pleasing building was also architecturally sound; its steel frame ensured that it stood strong through the 1953 tornado. | Source: Image courtesy of the Texas Collection, Baylor University View File Details Page

Growing Renown

Growing Renown

The Roosevelt Hotel was known throughout the region for more than its grandiose appearance and quality service. Many citizens used to recount the story of the night Clyde Barrow was arrested in the hotel, just three months before he met his future partner Bonnie Parker. | Source: Image courtesy of the Texas Collection, Baylor University | Creator: Charles Erwin Arnold View File Details Page

The Grand Ballroom (1930)

The Grand Ballroom (1930)

With its beautiful hardwood floors, elegant light fixtures, and ample seating space, the Roosevelt Hotel's grand ballroom appealed to dancers and wallflowers alike. Today, the renovated ballroom still houses the original chandelier. | Source: Image courtesy of the Texas Collection, Baylor University | Creator: Fred R. Gildersleeve View File Details Page

Holiday Spirit (December 15, 1935)

Holiday Spirit (December 15, 1935)

The Roosevelt Hotel became a center gathering place for the Waco community in addition to a place for travelers to reside. For instance, this group was photographed at their Christmas party in the grand ballroom. | Source: Image courtesy of the Texas Collection, Baylor University | Creator: Fred R. Gildersleeve View File Details Page

Golden Jubilee Celebration (April 31, 1936)

Golden Jubilee Celebration (April 31, 1936)

To commemorate its fiftieth anniversary, department store Goldstein-Migel held a lavish banquet for its employees in the Roosevelt Hotel's grand ballroom. A local company, Goldstein-Migel employed Wacoans of various socioeconomic backgrounds as evidenced in the different styles of dress present in the image. | Source: Image courtesy of the Texas Collection, Baylor University | Creator: Fred R. Gildersleeve View File Details Page

Fashionable Gathering Place

Fashionable Gathering Place

The grand ballroom held many events over the years. The Waco Tribune-Herald noted that the hotel was a common meeting place for Waco's high society. Local businesses, clubs, and organizations also often rented out the ballroom to hold meetings and parties. | Source: Image courtesy of the Texas Collection, Baylor University | Creator: Fred R. Gildersleeve View File Details Page

Promotional Postcard

Promotional Postcard

When the Roosevelt Hotel opened, the daily rate for a room started at two dollars. By the 1950s, the hotel's rates increased to six dollars for one guest and up to thirteen dollars per room for four guests. | Source: Image courtesy of the Texas Collection, Baylor University View File Details Page

A Breath of Central Air

A Breath of Central Air

In the 1950s, the hotel was renovated again, becoming one of the few completely air-conditioned American hotels. The complete air-conditioning system allowed the city of Waco to invite conventions to take place at the Roosevelt Hotel, bringing in a great deal of economic revenue for the city. | Source: Image courtesy of the Texas Collection, Baylor University View File Details Page

Audio

Social Life in the 1940s

John Sid Jones remembers his activities as a college student, included taking dates to the Roosevelt Hotel. | Source: Jones, John Sid, interviewed by Lois E. Myers, August 12, 1998, in Waco, Texas. Baylor University Institute for Oral History, Waco, TX. View the full interview View File Details Page

President Truman at the Roosevelt Hotel

Wilford Wolfie Naman explains his experience meeting President Truman at a reception at the Roosevelt Hotel. | Source: Naman, Wilford Wolfie, interviewed by Thomas Lee Charlton, Roger Sanders, Gaines West, and Stephen Carsey, March 22, 1973, in Waco, Texas. Baylor University Institute for Oral History, Waco, TX. View the full interview View File Details Page

Cite this Page:

Amanda Sawyer, “Roosevelt Hotel,” Waco History, accessed July 26, 2017, http://wacohistory.org/items/show/41.

Share this Story