Harry L. Washburn Trial

A notorious crime over fifty years ago in Texas changed the way Americans view courtroom drama—not just as fictional entertainment but as reality programming. In December of 1955, the murder trial of Harry Leonard Washburn of Houston in a McLennan County courtroom brought not only scores of observers from around the country but also the eyes of local viewers who were mesmerized by the proceedings.

On January 19, 1955, San Angelo police arrived at the scene of a car-bombing, a rare crime virtually unheard of in Texas. The victim—Helen Harris Weaver, 51, a rancher and well-known architect’s wife—was killed instantly by a bomb wired to the ignition of her husband’s car. Police presumed he was the intended target.

It wasn’t long before newspapers named Washburn, the Weavers’ former son-in-law, as a suspect. Most accounts described him as “a down-and-out contractor.” Further investigation found that Washburn apparently had been unsuccessfully trying to hire a hit man for the job but ultimately decided to do it himself. Police described his motive as anger over being cut out of the family fortune. A colorful parade of witnesses—barmaids, strippers, female wrestlers, and assorted thugs—testified that Washburn planned to kill his father-in-law and then extort protection money from the widow to keep the rest of the family from harm.

Because of the amount of pretrial publicity in and around San Angelo, the Tom Green County district attorney and defense attorneys sought a change of venue. Judge Drummond W. Bartlett of McLennan County offered to move the trial to Waco. Bartlett also agreed to allow a KWTX-TV camera to broadcast the proceedings from the balcony of his 54th State District Court. The previous summer, he had allowed John Bennett of the Waco Tribune-Herald staff to experiment with unobtrusive courtroom photography. Advocates of cameras in the courtroom argued that television equipment could be unobtrusive, thereby not damaging to the decorum of the process.

Critics argued that however inconspicuous, the mere presence of cameras turned the judicial process into show business—jeopardizing the defendant’s right to a fair trial. Asked if he minded live television coverage of his trial, Washburn said: “Naw, let it go all over the world.” He was later found guilty and sentenced to life in prison.

There was coverage from the opening gavel to the conclusion of each day—unedited and commercial-free, according to station general manager M. N. “Buddy” Bostick. All other programming was nixed, resulting in a $10,000 revenue loss to the young station—an almost $80,000 impact in today’s dollars.

The only special accommodations made for the broadcasters was boosting the lighting from 50-watt bulbs to 100-watt bulbs and hiding three microphones among the furnishings: the witness’s stand, judge’s bench, and prosecutor’s table.

From December 6 through December 9 in 1955, as the story goes, one could have “shot a cannon down Austin Avenue . . . and not hurt a soul” because the normally frenzied Christmas shoppers were all inside watching the trial. After a four-day trial, Washburn was convicted of murder, and Waco television had made history. 

Images

Making History

Making History

In the early days of local television, McLennan County District Attorney Tom Moore Jr. and Bill Simpson, a young news editor at KWTX-TV in Waco, met to discuss televising a trial. They got their chance in December 1955, when murder defendant Harry L. Washburn’s trial was transferred from San Angelo. For the first time, an in-court camera would bring a live criminal trial into the living rooms of residents. The cameraman is standing on the upper balcony in the top left of this photograph.  | Source: Image courtesy of M. N. Buddy Bostick View File Details Page

Sensational Witnesses

Sensational Witnesses

An interesting assortment of individuals testified against Washburn during the trial, including a female pro-wrestler known as the “Panther Lady.” Some believed that these witnesses explained why the case drew such a large audience.  | Source: Image courtesy of M. N. Buddy Bostick View File Details Page

Stringent Rules

Stringent Rules

Judge Bartlett laid out several provision for KWTX that had to be met in order to film the trial. The TV station was allowed to position one camera out of sight of the jurors and the trial was required to play without advertisements or commercials. Despite the large number of viewers who tuned into the trial, this ultimately resulted in a $10,000 revenue loss for the station. | Source: Image courtesy of M. N. Buddy Bostick View File Details Page

National Backlash

National Backlash

Although supported by many in Waco and the surrounding region—including the Waco-McLennan County Bar Association—the decision to televise the trial was harshly criticized by others. A national magazine editorial even compared the display of the trial to times in the past when “the execution of criminals provided greatly savored and excitedly celebrated public spectacles.” | Source: Image courtesy of M. N. Buddy Bostick View File Details Page

Audio

Dozens of Witnesses

Thomas Paul Moore Jr. gives his account of the Henry L. Washburn trial, including the interesting elements of the case as well as the amount of witnesses.. | Source: Moore Jr., Thomas Paul, interviewed by Thomas Lee Charlton, June 14, 1971, in Waco, Texas. Baylor University Institute for Oral History, Waco, TX. View the full interview View File Details Page

Cite this Page:

Terri Jo Ryan, “Harry L. Washburn Trial,” Waco History, accessed June 22, 2017, http://wacohistory.org/items/show/137.

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